Orthodox Sacred Music Reference Library

Kastalsky, Alexander

Alexanderkastalsky
KASTALSKY, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (b. 16 [28] November 1856, Moscow; d. 17 December 1926, Moscow) — studied theory and composition at the Moscow Conservatory under Tchaikovsky, Taneyev, and Gubert. From 1887 and for most of his career, Kastalsky was closely connected with the Moscow Synodal School of Church Singing, initially as a teacher of piano and conducting, from 1891 as assistant conductor (to Vasily Orlov), from 1900 as one of the precentors (of the left choir), and from 1910 as director of the School. From 1918 to 1926, when the Bolsheviks made it impossible for the Synodal School to continue its existence, he tried to salvage it in the form of the “People’s Choral Academy,” which eventually was absorbed into the Moscow Conservatory. Besides being active in church music, Kastalsky throughout his life worked in the field of musical ethnography, studying the characteristics of the Russian folk song, making arrangements of folk songs, and using elements of the latter in his compositions. As a composer, Kastalsky is a seminal figure, who was recognized by his contemporaries as having created a new direction in Russian church music. His followers included Pavel Chesnokov, Alexandre Gretchaninoff, Aleksandr Nikolsky, Viktor Kalinnikov, Constantine Shvedoff, and Sergei Rachmaninoff, among others. In Kastalsky’s sacred works, melodies and individual chant formulas of znamenny and other chants are combined with techniques of counter-voice polyphony, drawn from the Russian choral folk song. The skillful use of these peculiarly Russian elements give Kastalsky’s works a marked national flavor, while the use of church chants link them to ancient traditions of the church-musical aesthetic. Kastalsky’s published sacred works and arrangements number approximately 175 (many published numbers contain several separate titles); there are also a number of unpublished works, primarily comprising arrangements of various pattern melodies (podobnï). Kastalsky also edited the Obikhod Sinodal’novo khora [The Common Book of the Synodal Choir] in 1914. To make the performance of hymns in the so-called “common” chants more meaningful, he compiled the Prakticheskoye rukovodstvo k vïrazitel’nomu peniyu stikhir pri pomoshchi razlichnïkh garmonizatsiy [A practical manual for the expressive singing of stichera with the help of various harmonizations], which selectively applies major and minor harmony in accordance with the meaning and mood of a given liturgical texts.

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Ks142 source

Ektenii

Litanies

S.Op. 66a

Serbian Chant

SATB

V. Grosse #A.49 K. n.d.

First printed edition

2

Ks142

Ks005

Ektenii

Litanies

S.Op. 5

Znamenny Chant

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

V. Grosse #A.5 K. 1898

First printed edition

3

Ks005

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise - (Common [Kievan] Chant) (Simplified arrangement)

S.Op. 27[c]

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

SSATTBB

V. Grosse A.26 K. 1901

First printed edition

Ks053-061

9 Click [+] to expand

Ks053

1

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 1-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 1 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks053

Ks054

2

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 2-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 2 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks054

Ks055

3

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 2-i (variant) (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 2 (variant) (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks055

Ks056

4

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 3-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 3 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks056

Ks057

5

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 4-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 4 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks057

Ks058

6

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 5-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 5 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks058

Ks059

7

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 6-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 6 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks059

Ks060

8

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 7-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 7 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks060

Ks061

9

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 8-i (Uproshchennoe perelozhenie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 8 (Simplified arrangement)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks061

Click [-] to hide

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) (2nd revised edition)

S.Op. 27[d]

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

SATBB

V. Grosse #A.26 K. n.d.

First printed edition

14

Ks062-070

9 Click [+] to expand

Ks062

1

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 1-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 1 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks062

Ks063

2

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 2-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 2 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks063

Ks064

3

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 2-i (variant) (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 2 (variant) (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks064

Ks065

4

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 3-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 3 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks065

Ks066

5

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 4-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 4 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks066

Ks067

6

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 5-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 5 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks067

Ks068

7

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 6-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 6 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks068

Ks069

8

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 7-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 7 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks069

Ks070

9

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 8-i (Vtoroe izmenennoe izdanie)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 8 (2nd revised edition)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks070

Click [-] to hide

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant)

S.Op. 27[b]

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

SSATTBB

V. Grosse A.26 K. 1901

First printed edition

Defective original

Ks044-052

9 Click [+] to expand

Ks044

1

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 1-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 1

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks044

Ks045

2

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 2-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 2

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks045

Ks046

3

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 2-I (variant)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 2 (variant)

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks046

Ks047

4

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 3-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 3

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks047

Ks048

5

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 4-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 4

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks048

Ks049

6

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 5-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 5

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks049

Ks050

7

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 6-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 6

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks050

Ks051

8

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 7-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 7

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks051

Ks052

9

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Obychnogo [Kievskogo] raspeva) - Glas 8-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Common [Kievan] Chant) - Tone 8

Common Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

2

Ks052

Click [-] to hide

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva)

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant)

S.Op. 27[a]

Znamenny Chant

SSATTBB

V. Grosse #A.26 K. 1901

First printed edition

23

Ks036-043

8 Click [+] to expand

Ks036

1

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 1-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 1

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks036

Ks037

2

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 2-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 2

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks037

Ks038

3

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 3-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 3

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks038

Ks039

4

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 4-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 4

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks039

Ks040

5

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 5-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 5

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks040

Ks041

6

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 6-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 6

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks041

Ks042

7

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 7-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 7

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks042

Ks043

8

Gospodi vozzvakh i Da ispravitsia molitva moia (Znamennogo raspeva) - Glas 8-i

Lord, I Call and Let my prayer arise (Znamenny Chant) - Tone 8

Znamenny Chant

Evening psalms at Vespers

1

Ks043

Click [-] to hide

Irmosy na Vozdvizhenie Chestnago Kresta

Heirmoi for the Elevation of the Cross

S.Op. 34

SSATTB

PJu #28494 1903

First printed edition

Defective original

8

Ks089-091

3 Click [+] to expand

Ks089

1

Krest nachertav Moisei

Moses inscribed a Cross

Common Chant

6

Ks089

Ks090

2

Velichai, dushe moia... Tain esi Bogoroditse rai

Magnify, O my soul... You are a Mystical Paradise

[Znamenny Chant]

Refrain and Heirmos of the 9th Ode

3

Ks090

Ks091

3

Velichai, dushe moia... Snediiu dreva

Magnify, O my soul... Today the death that

[Znamenny Chant]

Refrain and Heirmos of the 9th Ode of the 2nd canon

2

Ks091

Click [-] to hide
Ks106

2-i Kanon na Rozhdestvo Khristovo

Second Kanon for the Nativity of Christ

S.Op. 44

Znamenny Chant

Spase liudi chudodeistvuiai Vladyka

SSATTB

V. Grosse #A.33 K. 1904

First printed edition

7

Ks106

Ks105

1-i Kanon na Rozhdestvo Khristovo

First Kanon for the Nativity of Christ

S.Op. 43

Znamenny Chant, T.1

Khristos razhdaetsia, slavite

SSATTB

PJu #28512 n.d.

First printed edition

7

Ks105

Ks018

Kheruvimskaia pesn'

Cherubic Hymn

S.Op. 15

Melody: “Na razorenie Moskvy" [The Destruction of Moscow]

Izhe kheruvimy

S(div)ATB

V. Grosse #A.18 K. 1898

First printed edition

3

Ks018