Orthodox Sacred Music Reference Library

Kastalsky, Alexander

Alexanderkastalsky
KASTALSKY, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (b. 16 [28] November 1856, Moscow; d. 17 December 1926, Moscow) — studied theory and composition at the Moscow Conservatory under Tchaikovsky, Taneyev, and Gubert. From 1887 and for most of his career, Kastalsky was closely connected with the Moscow Synodal School of Church Singing, initially as a teacher of piano and conducting, from 1891 as assistant conductor (to Vasily Orlov), from 1900 as one of the precentors (of the left choir), and from 1910 as director of the School. From 1918 to 1926, when the Bolsheviks made it impossible for the Synodal School to continue its existence, he tried to salvage it in the form of the “People’s Choral Academy,” which eventually was absorbed into the Moscow Conservatory. Besides being active in church music, Kastalsky throughout his life worked in the field of musical ethnography, studying the characteristics of the Russian folk song, making arrangements of folk songs, and using elements of the latter in his compositions. As a composer, Kastalsky is a seminal figure, who was recognized by his contemporaries as having created a new direction in Russian church music. His followers included Pavel Chesnokov, Alexandre Gretchaninoff, Aleksandr Nikolsky, Viktor Kalinnikov, Constantine Shvedoff, and Sergei Rachmaninoff, among others. In Kastalsky’s sacred works, melodies and individual chant formulas of znamenny and other chants are combined with techniques of counter-voice polyphony, drawn from the Russian choral folk song. The skillful use of these peculiarly Russian elements give Kastalsky’s works a marked national flavor, while the use of church chants link them to ancient traditions of the church-musical aesthetic. Kastalsky’s published sacred works and arrangements number approximately 175 (many published numbers contain several separate titles); there are also a number of unpublished works, primarily comprising arrangements of various pattern melodies (podobnï). Kastalsky also edited the Obikhod Sinodal’novo khora [The Common Book of the Synodal Choir] in 1914. To make the performance of hymns in the so-called “common” chants more meaningful, he compiled the Prakticheskoye rukovodstvo k vïrazitel’nomu peniyu stikhir pri pomoshchi razlichnïkh garmonizatsiy [A practical manual for the expressive singing of stichera with the help of various harmonizations], which selectively applies major and minor harmony in accordance with the meaning and mood of a given liturgical texts.

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Ks123

Velikoe slavoslovie No. 2

The Great Doxology

S.Op. 57

[Znamenny Chant, paraphrased]

Slava v vyshnikh Bogu

S(div)ATTBB

First printed edition

6

Ks123

  • Sheet music piece cover ks123 search

    MR Ks123

  • C122web small

    MR Ks123

  • C097 small

    MR Ks123

Ks082 087

Venchanie

The Wedding Service

S.Op. 32

S(div)AT(div)B(div)

V. Grosse #A.30 K. 1902

First printed edition

20

Ks082-087

6 Click [+] to expand

Ks082

1

1. Vstrechnoe pesnopenie zhenikhu

Hymn of greeting to the bridegroom

Sacred concerto

7

Ks082

Ks083

2

2. Pesnopenie pri vkhode nevesty

Hymn at the entrance of the bride

Sacred concerto

5

Ks083

Ks084

3

3. Slava Tebe, Bozhe nash

Glory to Thee, our God

2

Ks084

Ks085

4

4. Prokimen

The Prokeimenon

Ps. 20:4-5

1

Ks085

Ks086

5

5. Isaie likui

Rejoice, O Isaiah

2

Ks086

Ks087

6

6. Po okonchanii venchaniia

Post-wedding hymn

Sacred concerto

4

Ks087

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Ks147

Veruiu No. 1

I believe

S.Op. 69

Creed

SATB

V. Grosse #A.53 K. n.d.

First printed edition

4

Ks147

Ks148

Veruiu No. 2

I believe

S.Op. 70

Creed

S(div)ATB

V. Grosse #A.54 K. n.d.

First printed edition

4

Ks148

Ks149

Veruiu No. 3

I believe

S.Op. 71

Creed

S(div)ATB

V. Grosse #A.73a K. n.d.

First printed edition

4

Ks149

Ks155 source

Zadostoinik v den' Sv. Troitsy

Hymn to the Mother of God for Pentecost

S.Op. 76

[Znamenny Chant]

Raduisia, Tsaritse

S(div)A(div)T(div)B

PJu #36899 n.d.

First printed edition

3

Ks155

Ks095

Zadostoinik v Nedeliu Vaii

Hymn to the Mother of God on Palm Sunday

S.Op. 37

Znamenny Chant

Bog Gospod' i iavisia nam

SSATTB

PJu #28500 1903

First printed edition

Defective original

1

Ks095