Orthodox Sacred Music Reference Library

Gretchaninoff, Alexander

Alexandergretchaninoff

GRETCHANINOFF, Alexandre Tikhonovich (b. 13 [25] October, 1864, Moscow; d. 4 January, 1956, New York) — studied at the Moscow Conservatory (1881-1890) and the St. Petersburg Conservatory (1890- 1893), which he completed in composition as a student of Rimsky-Korsakov. Collaborated with various choral ensembles, including Melnikov’s Choir in St. Petersburg, the Moscow Synodal Choir and Vasilyev’s Choir in Moscow, which premiered his numerous choral compositions. Also worked in the fields of theater music, children’s music, and musical ethnography. Toured in Russia and abroad as a pianist, accompanist, and conductor. In 1925 emigrated to Paris, where he lived until 1939, when he moved to New York. Gretchaninoff composed several operas, symphonic and chamber music, as well as numerous solo songs, children’s songs and choruses, choral part songs and arrangements of folk songs for chorus. On texts from the Russian Orthodox liturgy, he composed four settings of the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, an All-Night Vigil, and a cycle of hymns from Passion Week, as well as approximately 20 shorter works. He also composed several settings of the Latin Mass and several Latin motets, some of which remain in manuscript. Early in his musical career, Gretchaninoff came under the influence of Stepan Smolensky, Director of the Moscow Synodal School of Church Music and leader of the movement to return Russian church music to its roots in ancient ecclesiastical chant and the choral folk song. Although Gretchaninoff tended not to use actual chants in his sacred works, he frequently devised new chant-like melodies. Together with other composers working at the Moscow Synodal School (e. g., Kastalsky, Chesnokov, Nikolsky), he used a rich palette of choral textures, ranging from stark unison (sometimes doubled in two or three octaves, reminiscent of Old Believers’ singing) to “choral symphonism” in eight to twelve diverse parts. In a quest to expand his expressive resources, in 1917 he made a major break with tradition by including instruments in his third setting of the Divine Liturgy, the Liturgia domestica, opus 79. No other composers have followed Gretchaninoff’s lead, however: to date this work remains the only setting of a text from the Russian Orthodox liturgy with instrumental accompaniment.

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Gr020

Blagoslovi, dushe moia, Gospoda

Bless the Lord, O my soul

Op. 23, No. 1

Introductory Psalm

Ps. 103 [104]:1,6,10,19-20,22-23,33

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

PJu #26532 1901

First printed edition

8

Gr020

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    MR Gr020

Gr043

Blazheni iazhe izbral

Blessed are they whom Thou hast chosen

Op. 44, No. 2

Bulgarian Chant motifs

Communion hymn for the departed

Ps. 64[65]:5; 101[102]:13

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Tenor solo

PJu #32783 [1908]

First printed edition

7

Gr043

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    MR Gr043

Gr097

Blessed is the man

Op. 136, No. 1

Sacred concerto

Ps. 1

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

Oliver Ditson Co., #14,812 1935

First printed edition

authorized edition with English text

8

Gr097

Gr089

Cherubim Song

[Op. 94, No. 2]

Cherubic Hymn (if original text is used)

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

Raymond A. Hoffman Co., #45-6 1930

First printed edition

authorized edition with English text; freely translated, edited and arranged by Noble Cain

6

Gr089

Gr092

Communion Service in A minor

[Op. 94, No. 5]

Eucharistic Canon (if original text is used)

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

Raymond A. Hoffman Co., #49-7 1930

First printed edition

authorized edition with English text; freely translated, edited and arranged by Noble Cain

7

Gr092

Dostoyno est’

It Is Truly Meet

Op. 80, No. 1

Common Chant T.8

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

M. Gutheil, 1918

Not found

Gr086

  • Fr 737cover 600x600

    Reference Recordings FR-737

Gr088

Hymn to the Trinity

[Op. 94, No. 1]

[Kievan Chant]

Trisagion Hymn (if original text is used)

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and SSA Trio

Raymond A. Hoffman Co., #44-3 1930

First printed edition

authorized edition with English text; freely translated, edited and arranged by Noble Cain

3

Gr088

Gr090

Hymn to the Virgin

[Op. 94, No. 3]

Hymn to the Mother of God (if original text is used)

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

Raymond A. Hoffman Co., #46-4 1930

First printed edition

authorized edition with English text; freely translated, edited and arranged by Noble Cain

4

Gr090

Gr041

Khvalite imia Gospodne

Praise the name of the Lord

Op. 34, No. 2

Polyeleios

Ps. 134[135]:1,21; Ps. 135[136]:1,26

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Soprano and Alto soli

PJu #29473 1904

First printed edition

7

Gr041

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    MR Gr041

Gr070 085

Liturgia Domestica

Op. 79

2nd version, piano-vocal score: Breitkopf & Härtel #A. 10394 G. 1927

First printed edition

2nd version: (13 Nos. for SATB chorus, Tenor and Bass soli, and orchestra)

78

Gr070-085

16 Click [+] to expand

Gr070

1

No. 1 - Velikaia ekteniia

The Great Litany

Op. 79, No. 1

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

3

Gr070

Gr071

2

No. 2 - Antifony (Antiphons) Blagoslovi, dushe moia, Gospoda

Bless the Lord, O my soul

Op. 79, No. 2

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

4

Gr071

Gr072

3

No. 2a - Khvali, dushe moia, Gospoda

Praise the Lord, O my soul

[Op. 79, No. 2a]

Second Antiphon

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

3

Gr072

Gr073

4

No. 3 - Slava... Edinorodnyi Syne

Glory... Only-begotten Son

Op. 79, No. 3

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

4

Gr073

Gr074

5

No. 4 - Trisviatoe

The Trisagion

Op. 79, No. 4

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Tenor Solo

4

Gr074

Gr075

6

No. 5 - Posle chteniia Apostola

After the Epistle reading

Op. 79, No. 5

S(div)AT(div)B(div)

1

Gr075

Gr076

7

No. 6 - Sugubaia ekteniia

Augmented Litany

Op. 79, No. 6

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Bass Solo

10

Gr076

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    MR Gr076

Gr077

8

No. 7 - Zaupokoinaia i drugie ektenii

Litany for the departed and other litanies

Op. 79, No. 7

SA(div)T(div)B(div) and Bass Solo

4

Gr077

Gr078

9

No. 8 - Kheruvimskaia pesn'

Cherubic Hymn

Op. 79, No. 8

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Tenor Solo

7

Gr078

Gr079

10

No. 9 - Posle Kheruvimskoi pesni

After the Cherubic Hymn

Op. 79, No. 9

S(div)AT(div)B(div)

3

Gr079

Gr080

11

No. 10 - Veruiu

I believe

Op. 79, No. 10

S(div)AT(div)B and Tenor Solo

5

Gr080

Gr081

12

No. 11 - Milost' mira

A mercy of peace

Op. 79, No. 11

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Tenor Solo

7

Gr081

Gr082

13

No. 12 - Dostoino est'

It is truly meet

Op. 79, No. 12

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Tenor solo

3

Gr082

Gr083

14

No. 13 - Molitva Gospodnia

The Lord's Prayer

Op. 79, No. 13

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

4

Gr083

Gr084

15

No. 14 - Khvalite Gospoda s nebes

Praise the Lord from the heavens

Op. 79, No. 14

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div) and Tenor Solo

9

Gr084

Gr085

16

No. 15 - Konets Liturgii

Liturgy ending

Op. 79, No. 15

S(div)A(div)T(div)B(div)

7

Gr085

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